A European Holiday: How Much Will it Cost?

There are plenty of articles written to help answer the question, “How much does it cost to travel to Europe for a holiday?” (or vacation for my North American friends). Yet, as was the theme with my last travel-related post, I found the information already available didn’t address my questions in a way that I found useful.

Having recently spent four weeks exploring Europe whilst honeymooning with Chris, I decided to sum up our travel expenses and put together a post that I hope will help you when planning your European adventure.

Keep in mind that budgeting for any trip is inherently difficult. Exchange rates are in flux. Different tastes lead to different expenditure. Whether you’re travelling in peak or off peak will also play a major role in determining the prices you pay.

Considering this, before getting to what we spent, I’ll describe the details of our trip so you can understand the basis for our spending.

You can skip straight to the costs if you choose (spoiler: it’s AUD $239 per person, per day), but I strongly recommend skimming the additional information.  Without understanding what we spent our money on, the numbers themselves aren’t going to be all that helpful.

The Trip

This is a summary of what we did, as a couple in our 30s, for the purpose of clarifying what our budget provided.


We spent four weeks in Europe from late August until late September. This placed us in the shoulder season – not quite as expensive as European summer and not as cheap as winter.

The trip was divided, roughly in half, between the UK and Italy with an even amount of time spent within, and outside of, major cities (e.g. London and Rome).


We stayed in mid-range hotels (e.g. Premier Inn and Tango Hotel) for the most part. These were all very clean, comfortable and most included breakfast. We didn’t use Airbnb.


For the most part we had breakfast included at our accommodation. Sometimes this was cornflakes and toast, other times it was a culinary delight.

Lunches mostly consisted of a sandwich and drink at Pret a Manger or similar.

Dinners were at nice restaurants and usually consisted of two courses and a glass of wine. We didn’t eat fast food or take away.

Throughout the day we would generally drink water we’d purchased in bulk from a supermarket, transferred into 500 ml bottles for easy carrying. That said, tap water was probably fine in most of the locations we stayed.

Most days we’d enjoy a snack (e.g. cake and coffee, a cheese board, or similar) or a drink (e.g. a wine or a cocktail) in the afternoon.

All that is to say we didn’t skimp on food and drink, but we could have spent a lot more had we wanted to.


We visited plenty of tourist attractions, museums, galleries, churches, city tours, etc. We did something most days. Some days we did lots of paid activities, other days we just explored for free.

Activities are probably the most subjective part of the budget, as you could just as easily explore for free as you could spend hundreds every day. To attempt to provide some objectivity, most people we’ve spoken to feel that we managed to fit in plenty and have a lot of fun experiences, neither overdoing it nor foregoing anything really worthwhile.


We travelled between destinations mostly by train, also hiring a car for a few days, taking one inter-city flight, and taking coaches around the Amalfi Coast.

Within cities we did plenty of walking and otherwise relied on metro trains, trams and buses. We didn’t take taxis or use ride-sharing apps.

The Costs

Now you know what we did, here is what we spent.

The budget is an Australian dollar daily average, per person, whilst travelling as a couple.

  • Accommodation: ~$93
  • Food ~$74
  • Activity ~$36
  • Transport ~$36
  • Total: ~$239


The above excludes the following items which don’t neatly average out to a per day rate:

  • Return flights from Australia.
  • Travel insurance – seriously don’t leave home without this sorted!
  • Luggage, consumables, souvenirs, etc purchased while away.

Currency and Exchange Rates

All figures are in Australian dollars which converted, on average, at the time, as:

  • GBP £1 cost AUD $1.70
  • EUR €1 cost AUD $1.50

You can work out the equivalent amount in your own currency by converting from AUD to your currency for September 2017.


Here are some example costs. Click on the amount to convert to your own currency.

  • 10 days travelling as a couple: ~ AUD $4,780 together + exclusions.
  • 2 weeks travelling as a single (twin share): ~ AUD $3,345 + exclusions.
  • 4 weeks travelling as a couple: ~ AUD $13,385 together + exclusions.
  • 1 month travelling as friends (twin share): AUD $7,275 each + exclusions.

The above assume that you travel in a shoulder season, when exchange rates are relatively similar to those described above, and that you enjoy an equivalent standard as described in the summary at the top of the post.

I hope this helps you figure out what you’ll need to save for a nice European trip.

Bon voyage!

j j j

Pearl Harbor: A How To Guide

When Chris and I started planning our Hawaii trip Pearl Harbor was right up there on the must see list. Yet, as we started to investigate how to visit Pearl Harbor, things started to get a little confusing.  There didn’t seem to be an authoritative website to help plan the visit and, in lieu of this, a plethora of tour websites had popped up to take the place.  Anybody who knows me well will know that I tend to like to do things the right way so this lack of clarity frustrated me.

This is a logistical post covering how to plan an effective day at Pearl Harbor.  If you’re looking for information about the history of the site, that’s well covered elsewhere.  Also consider that this plan is based upon the experience of a young couple without children, and unlikely to be suitable for families with young kids.


So, why isn’t there an authoritative site to help visitors plan their day?

Pearl Harbor is made up of several sites, operated by a variety of different bodies.  You don’t visit Pearl Harbor, per se.  Instead you visit one or more historic sites in the Pearl Harbor vicinity.

The website Pearl Harbor Historic Sites ties all these sites together, yet, still doesn’t provide sufficient holistic information about how to plan a day effectively and with adequate time to visit all sites.  Hence this post.

What to Avoid

  • Avoid tours.  We spent eight hours at the various Pearl Harbor sites.  Most tours provide less than half this time at Pearl Harbor then add shopping centre visits as time-fillers while charging more than double what you need to pay.
  • Avoid bags.  You’ll have to check them as soon as you arrive (a waste of time), so you’re better to take none in the first place.  Take a small camera (without the bag), buy your food and drinks, and follow the below recommendations to avoid the sun and you’ll have no need for a bag.

The Perfect Day

  • Two months before your visit:
    1. Book your Passport to Pearl Harbor.  The Passport gives you access to all four of the Pearl Harbor historic sites.  It’s marginally cheaper than buying tickets for each site separately, and means you don’t have to fuss around purchasing multiple tickets on the day.  You also receive audio guides for most sites.
      Critically, the Passport allows you to pre-register your time for the USS Arizona Memorial.  Time slots become available two months out, and I recommend you book the 9:00 AM program, per the itinerary below.
  • One week before your visit:
    1. Organise your transport to and from Pearl Harbor.  There are plenty of options for getting from your accommodation to Pearl Harbor and back suiting your location and budget.  I’m not going to claim to know which is best for you.  If in doubt, speak to your accommodation.

      As a guide, the drive from Waikiki is around 40 minutes to arrive at 7:30 AM on a weekday, so a 6:45 AM accommodation departure is advisable.

      Ensure the return part of your journey allows you to depart after 4:00 PM. Many transport providers offer final pickups no later than 3:30 PM, which is pushing it if you get delayed on Ford Island.
  • The day of your visit:
    1. Arrive at 7:30 AM.  It’s an early start for sure, but will give you a chance to see some of the busier sites before the crowds arrive and while it’s still relatively cool.

      Have your Passport (to Pearl Harbor) documentation with you and head through security then straight to one of the Tickets and Information desks.  Pick either, as you’ll need to visit both (remember those half-dozen organisations mentioned above).  Having visited both desks you’ll have all the tickets you need for the remainder of the day.

      Google Maps provide a Street View tour of the visitor centre vicinity if you want to familiarise yourself before you arrive.
    2. Visit the USS Bowfin submarine.  Moments walk from the main entrance, this is a great way to start your day and see the Balao-class submarine before it becomes hot and crowded.  Skip the associated museum for now, grab your audio guide and head aboard.

      The self guided tour takes about 30 minutes and you should aim to be heading back towards the USS Arizona Memorial at about 8:30 AM.
    3. Prepare for your USS Arizona Memorial program.  You should aim to be waiting at the program departure point, a short walk from Bowfin, by 8:45 AM (assuming you booked the 9:00 AM program).  Collect your audio guide and wander over whilst listening to some preliminary history about the site.  I’d also recommend a bathroom break at this point, as there are no bathroom facilities once the program commences.

      The program consists of a historic film, a short boat ride to and from the memorial, and time spent paying respects at the memorial itself.  If you booked the 9:00 AM tour, you should be back at the visitor centre by around 10:15 AM.

      Don’t miss your time slot as there are limited places and you’ll most likely be unable to book another time that day.
    4. Break time.  Now is a good time to buy a snack and a drink (something hydrating like water or electrolyte drink).  The time-bound part of your day is complete, so you can visit the remaining sites at your leisure, though I’ll continue to recommend an itinerary order.
    5. Take the bus to Mighty Mo.  When you’re ready, head up to the bus shelter in the northeast corner of the visitor centre where you’ll await the next bus to Ford Island.

      Ford Island is an active military base and accessible only by a shuttle bus which runs every 15 minutes in a loop from the visitor centre, to the USS Missouri Memorial, to the Pacific Aviation Museum, then back to the visitor centre.  You’ll spend the next few hours visiting historic sites on Ford Island before returning by bus.  Confirm with the bus driver what time you need to board the bus to be back at the visitor centre if you have a specific time in mind.  Also consider that the bus may fill up on a busy day meaning you’d need to wait 30 minutes.

      Your first stop is the awe inspiring USS Missouri Memorial.  Swap your ID for an audio guide (don’t forget to collect your ID on the way back) then step aboard the 71 year old battleship and explore at your leisure (an hour or two).  When you’ve explored sufficiently, or your stomach is hinting that it’s had enough of the subtle rolling, it’s time to think about lunch.

      Before jumping back on the bus, I recommend a quick visit to the USS Oklahoma Memorial which is just inland from the bus shelter.  A touching memorial to the 429 who lost their lives aboard the USS Oklahoma, it’s well worth a visit to pay your respects.
    6. Lunch time.  The bus runs in one direction, so hop aboard the next bus which will take you to the Pacific Aviation Museum where you’ll first find Laniākea Café, the self proclaimed “best place to eat at Pearl Harbor“.  Regardless of the quality of the food, it’s certainly the most comfortable eatery so enjoy a bite to eat and rest your legs before continuing on to the last few sites.
    7. Explore the Pacific Aviation Museum.  Have a look at the introductory film in the auditorium, then take your time to wander around the various exhibits throughout hangars 37 and 79.

      When you’re finished, head back to the main entrance and await the bus which will return you directly to the visitor centre.
    8. Conclude with the Bowfin Submarine Museum.  The air-conditioned museum, closest to where the bus will drop you off, is the perfect place to escape the hot afternoon and conclude your day at Pearl Harbor.  Collect your audio guide then explore the exhibits where you’ll see everything from the humble beginnings of submarining right up to the modern, world-ending missile launchers (a chilling way to end the day).

I hope this post helps bring together disparate information in a summary that helps you plan a great day at Pearl Harbor.  I’d encourage you to read further on the individual sites, as some background knowledge will further enhance the experience on the day.

If you have any comments, updates, or differing perspectives, please leave a comment below.

j j j

The London List

Admittedly, during the year I did not write about every step I took in London.

Below are some of the lesser touristy things I did on days out that I feel are noteworthy.


  • TATE Modern – Permanent Exhibitions, Dalí & Film, Global Cities
  • National Portrait Gallery – Daily Encounters (Photographs from Fleet Street), Pop Art Portraits, Photographic Portrait Prize 2007
  • TATE Britain – How We Are (Photographing Britain)
  • National Gallery – Permanent Exhibitions
  • Oxford University Botanical Gardens – Hard Rain (Remaking a World Gone Wrong)


  • Greenwich – Markets, Royal Observatory
  • Barbican Art Gallery – Seduced (Art & Sex from Antiquity to Now)




  • Mozart’s Requiem



  • Canary Wharf
  • The Millennium Bridge
  • O2 Arena
  • The Tube
j j j

The Changing Seasons: From Summer to Autumn

Yesterday was a crisp Autumn day in London. There was not a cloud to be seen and, despite being freezing, the day was beautiful.

Adrian, Cynthia and I set off early for Oxford for a relaxing Sunday out of London. Sipping my coffee (I’ve discovered decaf), I began to feel very relaxed as the train departed Paddington and sped through the city into the countryside, past rolling meadows and picturesque hay bales. I realised, as I sometimes do, that I haven’t updated this journal for too long.

We arrived in Oxford a little over an hour later and wandered into the city centre to book a walking tour for the afternoon. We then bought ourselves a cheap (comparative to London) lunch and headed for the botanical gardens. I really enjoyed sitting under the yellowing Autumn leaves, nibbling a baguette and watching the passers by. It was the first time, in a while, that I’ve felt truly relaxed.

From here we had a look at a climate change centric photography exhibition before thoring ourselves in the greenhouse while being wowed by some incredible tropical plants. As it approached 2:00 we strolled back to the centre of town to commence our walking tour.

This took us through various parts of the town with our guide commenting on the history of the city, its buildings and its various colleges. Luckily we were able to enter several colleges, as part of the tour, for an interesting inside look into their beauty and grandeur.

Possibly the most enjoyable part of the day, for me, was spending the remainder of the afternoon in a restuarant / bar on the main street listening to live jazz while we had Devonshire Tea and read the Sunday papers. It’s something I often intend to do, and never do it, and sitting there relaxing with friends really made my weekend!

In other news work is going well, having had my St George’s contract extended until the end of November. I have booked my ticket home for early December. I will arrive in the midst of several major birthdays and Christmas before madly job hunting to start work next year.

Since my last entry I popped over to Paris, needing some time out of London, and had an amazing Autumn weekend with beautiful weather and great culture (thank you Gilles). I wandered the streets, visited Le Père Lachaise (home to the tombs of Edith Piaf, Oscar Wilde and Jim Morrison) and spent Sunday night in a funky underground jazz club.

I’ve also been spending many days in London trying to fit in as much as I can before I head home. From a trip with Yumi (one of Adrian’s house mates) to the Tower of London, to a morning service at the beautiful St Paul’s, to free outdoor cinema at Trafalgar Square, to days in the Tate Modern, I’m trying to make the most of this city.

I will be home in a few weeks but, until then, stay well and I look forward to catching up soon!

j j j

A Year in Retrospect: Thoughts From a Sushi Train

It’s 2:00 PM on Saturday, 18th August 2007, 53 weeks after I left Melbourne. I’ve recently turned 23, and I’m sitting in Finchley Road at a Sushi Train realising what an absolutely amazing year I’ve had.

In the past year I’ve set foot on four continents, visited more countries than I can count, met many amazing people, reunited old friendships, and lived some of the most incredible experiences of my life. Be it experiences like riding along the Golden Gate Bridge as the sun sparkles off the Pacific, or floating in a hot air balloon as dawn breaks over Egypt; or be it drinking Kölsch at your friend’s favourite beer-hall in Germany, or realising, for the 100th time, as you stroll along the Thames embankment, that you’re actually living in London. It matters little how big or small the experience, it is each of these which have come together to make the past year as amazing as I had ever hoped for.

It has not, of course, been without hard times. Several things have happened with my family which have been difficult to bare from so far away. But the world doesn’t pause for anyone, and I’ve been lucky to have such supportive family and friends to ease the burden of these times.

Today I had an Andy Day (a term coined by Cynthia; credit where credit is due). To digress for a moment, I’d never really discovered the value of ‘self time’ until a few days before leaving Melbourne. I had met Mum and Dad for breakfast in some suburb; of which I’ve forgotten the name. Though it was the middle of winter the weather was beautiful and I decided to take a drive [back in the days of having a car] into the city and see where it took me. I ended up just wandering Southbank and enjoying simply being in Melbourne. I was amazed at how much more I noticed by just being there, alone, instead of always surrounding myself with people and talk. Prior to this I had always felt sad for those people alone in the movies, or eating dinner in a restaurant without company. Suddenly my attitude changed. This is not to discount how much I love socialising, but there’s a time and place for everything and on this occasion I had a better time in my own company. I realised on that day that some things are better experienced with your full attention; a realisation which helped ease concerns about travelling alone and which enhanced many experiences while I was away.

Back to today: I headed down to London Bridge and wandered to the Tate Modern, having had a Starbuck’s breakfast, where I browsed the Global Cities exhibition. It’s what I love, and hate, so much about London – there is always something new to do, but never enough time to do it all. Having spent a couple of hours wandering the exhibition I headed across the Millennium Bridge to St Paul’s, then jumped on the tube and walked around Covent Garden and Leicester Square before coming to Finchley Road where this story began. It was a simple day but I had a ball and it got me thinking about what an amazing year this has been.

Just over one year ago I said goodbye to friends and family, boarded a Qantas plane and flew to London. I was meant to transit to Brussels but was caught in the 10th August terror threat and lost my connecting flight (for which I will always hate British Airways and refuse to fly them again). Eventually I made it to Belgium and met my friend Minda (with whom I’d travelled briefly in New Zealand) who I spend the next week with exploring quaint Belgian cities, eating great food and sampling some of Belgium’s wide variety of beers.

In mid August I caught the Eurostar back to Waterloo and, the following day, started my 6.5 week tour of Europe. This took me through France, Spain, Italy, Greece, Egypt, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Austria, Germany, Switzerland and The Netherlands. I had an amazing time, but probably wouldn’t recommend spending so long on a tour. If you’re not up for fully independent travel, do several smaller tours with breaks in between.

People often ask the highlight of my European experience. While this is an obvious question to ask, and one I’ve been guilty of posing myself, it’s not a question for which I have a simple answer. Europe is so big, so diverse (both geographically and culturally) and the experiences had in each country are so incomparable that it’s hard to say, “I loved x most.” I loved standing at the top of the Eiffel Tower; for me that was the ‘yep, I’m in Europe’ moment’. Later I saw 3000 year old art in an Egyptian tomb. How can these experiences be compared enough to prioritise a favourite?

Following my tour I spent a few weeks in a hostel in London. I didn’t get up to much during this time, as I had myself a cold, but did manage to book a trip across to Germany to see Janina and Vanessa (more friends from my New Zealand trip). It was great to see these two again and I ended up spending three weeks with Janina, relaxing, exploring and enjoying Düsseldorf and its surrounds.

During this time Chris, a mate from Melbourne, came over and we headed to Prague for a few days. This was a beautiful city and provided some great photography as autumn had set in and the leaves were turning golden and falling.

From Prague we went back to Janina’s for a few more days then set off for Italy and Spain. We started in Rome, a fantastic city which I was happy to see again. Chris was an excellent travel buddy with similar interests and a passion for walking and taking as much in as possible by foot. A definite highlight was climbing the dome of St Peter’s and watching the sun set over Rome.

Twenty-four hours later we were watching the sun set over the Mediterranean from the top of a hill in the Cinque Terre, a beautiful, untouched region in northern Italy where time has stood still and preservd the farming traditions of the past. We spent several days here walking between the little villages and roaming the hills. It was a beautiful few days.

Chris and I then took an overnight ferry (trying to use every possible transport this trip) across to Barcelona where we began a couple of weeks exploration on the east coast of Spain. Barcelona was, again, great fun but it was nice to get out of the cities and see some smaller Spanish villages (albeit slightly over-run by British sun seekers).

After Chris and I spent several weeks travelling, walking, talking and solving all the world’s problems over various beverages, I departed for the United States. This part of my trip was, unexpectedly, amazing. I didn’t have the greatest expectations of America due to the culture, as we observe it externally, being somewhat irritating to me. Upon arriving in San Francisco and exploring this city, meeting real Americans and getting back into big city life, I discovered a new found love for the country.

Wandering the streets of San Fran, seeing the Golden Gate Bridge as a backdrop and fire-escapes lining every building, was thrilling. I had only three days there, one of which I spent in the Yosemite National Park, which wasn’t enough and, as with most places I’ve visited, it’s on my ‘repeat required’ list.

From San Fran I made my way to the surprisingly hot LA where I started my US tour taking me from LA, across the south through Vegas, the Grand Canyon, Dallas, Memphis, Florida, then up the east coast through Washington to New York. On the whole it may have been the best weeks I had away. I think maybe this was because my [negative] expectations were always broken, but also because I was surrounded by a great group of people and I was always learning. I think I obtained a more worldly, historical knowledge there than I did in many years of study.

New York City was amazing. Christmas carols playing where-ever you walked made you feel like you were in a Christmas movie and I felt the festive spirit in the strongest way I have since I was a kid. I had ten days in the city across Christmas and New Years and I had an absolute ball. I was up at 7:00 most mornings, not in bed before 1:00 and pounded the pavement for the hours in between. By all rights I should have been exhausted but the city has an energy of its own which gets in your veins and you feed off it! I instantly fell in love and, within the first days, was already planing my life there (in the semi-distant future, of course).

Sadly, come 3rd January, I had to bid the city farewell and head to London to start a more regulated life. NYC waved me off with a stunning sunrise, the Empire State Building silhouetted in the distance against a glowing pink sky. Eight or so hours later I was checking into my hostel in London, exhausted having not slept the night before I left.

Here began my London experience. I started looking for places for Clare and I to live and investigating the job market. A week later Clare arrived and we started our life together in Willesden Green. Clare started work within days of arrival, and I sat at home job hunting and working on my website management software, Simple Site, for ten weeks. The cash problems started and, while I don’t regret this experience in the slightest, I’m still struggling. On a side note, I would recommend coming to London with a job lined up and plenty of savings behind you; it’s an expensive city to get started in.

Eventually I found a job with the Health Protection Agency, doing a PC rollout for three months, before moving onto St George’s Hospital where I am currently working as a desktop engineer.

During the time in London we’ve made lots of friends, had plenty of nights out, dinners, drinks and fun experiences with great people. We’ve made a bit of a surrogate family with Cynthia and Adrian and have been on a road-trip together to the Lake District.

In April Clare and I went to Turkey for a tour which took us through Gallipoli for ANZAC Day. This was an incredible adventure, I really love Turkey and the dawn service was something that, in my opinion, every Australian should experience. Whether or not you have a direct connection to the campaign, it’s a very moving experience.

As the weeks have gone on we’ve done more London experiences. Whatever your interest London caters for it with galleries, museums, theaters, stadiums, concert halls. The tube is the most incredible transport experience in the world and will get you to anywhere you need to be. It took me a while, but if you open yourself up to London it really delivers, and now I’m attached. While I’m sure I’ll love coming home at the end of the year, I don’t think I’ll quite be finished with this city.

To celebrate my birthday last week, coinciding with my anniversary of being away, I flew to Minda in Belgium for a few days, then to Janina and Vanessa for the end of the week. It was good fun to see them again and have some time away from work and the day-to-day life in London. This is where Europe is so amazing. I left London and within a hour was sitting having drinks in a quaint Belgium town. It’s so easy to get to a completely different world.

I really have been so lucky this past year with what I’ve experienced and hope that anyone else who sets out on an adventure like this can have such incredible times also.

Thanks for reading and don’t forget to keep in touch. If you know me well, you’ll know my e-mail address. If not, just post a comment and I’ll get back to you.

j j j